Monday, December 5, 2011

Loading Dock Safety

My last post was on seat belts for professional drivers, so I am going to stay on the topic of transportation safety. This post is going to remind you about Loading Dock Safety.

  • Chock wheels or use vehicle restraint systems.

  • Secure dock leveler.

  • Use portable jack stands in addition to the forward landing gear of spotted trailers. Too much weight in the nose can tip a trailer.

  • Ensure forklifts used to load/unload trailers are equipped with spotlights.

  • Ensure forklifts side shifts as standard equipment; they increase productivity & help to prevent product damage.

  • Do not allow pedestrians in trailers while a lift truck is loading/unloading.

  • Perform a visual inspection of the trailer prior to driving a lift truck into it.

  • If you require your employees to install or remove security seals for truckloads and containers you should designate a safe area away from the dock to do this. Never allow an employee to stand between a trailer and the dock.

  • Instruct employees not to climb on docks or to place any part of their bodies outside of the dock door. If employees need to climb down into the dock area make sure proper ladders or stairs are provided.

  • Train all employees that work in dock areas on the hazards, not just lift truck operators.

Remember Trailer Loading Procedure. For Palletized Loads :

  • Ensure trailers have chocks, and portable jack stands for spotted trailers.

  • Plan before you start to load. Stage the load so that you know how much cargo you have, what goes first, what gets stacked, etc.
  • Distribute the weight of the cargo evenly as you load, in the fore-to-aft as well as left-to-right.

  • Keep the center of gravity low; place heavier items lower on the trailer and lighter ones higher if you have to stack.

  • Secure the load, use load locks, ratchet straps, etc.

  • Watch the weight; too heavy and the trailer could split.

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